Definitions

  • Barrier

    Personal or system block to implementation of new knowledge.

  • Best Practices

    The highest standard applied.

  • Case Study

    Provides an account of an actual problem or situation an individual or group has experienced. An effective method provoking controversy and debate on issues for which definite conclusions do not exist.

  • Clinical Conference

    A scheduled event at which practicing physicians themselves present to their colleagues interesting clinical cases, share their new experiences, and learn about the latest achievements of medical science and practice.

  • Commercial Bias

    Content or format in a CME activity or its related materials that promotes the products or business lines of an ACCME-defined commercial interest. (link)

  • Commercial Interest

    Any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services consumed by, or used on, patients. The ACCME does not consider providers of clinical service directly to patients to be commercial interests. A commercial interest is not eligible for ACCME accreditation or participation in joint providership.

  • Commercial Support

    Monetary or in-kind contributions given by an ACCME-defined commercial interest that is used to pay all or part of the costs of a CME activity. The requirements for receiving and managing commercial support are explained in the ACCME Standards for Commercial Support. Advertising and exhibit income are not considered commercial support.

  • Competence

    Ability to apply the knowledge to a practice-based situation. The extent to which learners know how to implement (or stop doing) what the activity intended to teach them.

  • Conflict of Interest

    The ACCME considers financial relationships to create conflicts of interest in CME when individuals have both a financial relationship with a commercial interest and the opportunity to affect the content of CME about the products or services of that commercial interest. The potential for maintaining or increasing the value of the financial relationship with the commercial interest creates an incentive to influence the content of the CME—an incentive to insert commercial bias. See also "relevant financial relationships."

  • Cosponsored/Co-provided Activity

    A CME activity presented by two or more accredited providers. One of the accredited providers must take responsibility for the activity in terms of meeting ACCME requirements and reporting activity data to the ACCME. See also "directly sponsored activity. ”

  • Course (C)

    A course is a live CME activity where the learner participates in person. A course is planned as an individual event. If a course is held multiple times for multiple audiences, then each instance is reported as a separate activity. Examples: annual meeting, conference, seminar.

  • Demonstration

    Models the correct step-by-step procedures needed when performing a specified task.

  • Desired Results

    Best practices and what learners will apply based on knowledge gained from the educational activity.

  • Directly Provided/Sponsored Activity

    An activity that is planned, implemented, and evaluated by the accredited CME provider. This definition includes co-provided activities (offered by two accredited providers) reported by the accredited provider that awards the credit.

  • Education Planning Representative

    An Education Planning Representative is an ACEP member in good standing that serves as ACEP’s official representative during the planning, development, and implementation process. Education Planning Representatives are required to submit a Planning Clinical Content Validation and Review Form (CCRV) related to content delivery at live activities. A completed disclosure form is required in order to finalize the application submission. The Main Contact (applicant) will assign this role.

  • Enduring Material (EM)

    An enduring material is a printed, recorded, or computer-presented CME activity that may be used over time at various locations and which, in itself, constitutes a planned activity. In an enduring material the provider creates the content. When reporting the number of physician and non-physician participants for an internet enduring material activity, you should count all learners who completed all or a portion of the activity and whose participation can be verified in some manner. Examples: print product, CD.

  • Faculty

    The individuals responsible for teaching, authoring, or otherwise communicating the activity content to learners.

  • Gap

    Real or perceived need for improvement in practice, knowledge, and/or patient outcomes; a gap is the difference between a best practice and a current practice.

  • Group Discussion

    Provides an opportunity for learners to think together constructively for purposes of learning, solving problems, making decisions, and/or improving human relationships.

  • Hours of Instruction

    Total hours of educational instruction in a CME activity. The information is used for the purpose of reporting the activity in PARS. (See PARS below.) For example, if a one-day course lasts eight hours (not including breaks or meals), then the total hours of instruction reported for that course is eight. Hours of instruction may or may not correspond to the number of AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™ for which the activity is designated.

  • In-kind Commercial Support

    In the context of the ACCME’s Standards for Commercial Support, non-monetary resources provided by a commercial interest in support of a CME activity. Examples of in-kind support include equipment, supplies, and facilities.

  • Internet Enduring Material (IEM)

    An internet enduring material activity is available when the physician participant chooses to complete it. It is “enduring,” meaning that there is not just one time on one day to participate in it. Rather, the participant determines when he/she participates. When reporting the number of physician and non-physician participants for an internet enduring material activity, you should count all learners who completed all or a portion of the activity and whose participation can be verified in some manner. Examples: online interactive educational module, recorded presentation, podcast.

  • Internet Live (IL)

    An internet live course is an online course available at a certain time on a certain date and is only available in real-time, just as if it were a course held in an auditorium. Once the event has taken place, learners may no longer participate in that activity. Example: webcast, webinar.

  • Intervention

    The content of the learning activity and the educational/instructional methods by which content is addressed.

  • Joint Sponsorship

    Sponsorship of a CME activity by one accredited and one nonaccredited organization. The accredited provider must take responsibility for a CME activity when it is presented in cooperation with a nonaccredited organization and must use the appropriate accreditation statement. A commercial interest cannot take the role of nonaccredited entity in a joint sponsorship relationship.

  • Jointly Provided Activity

    An activity that is planned, implemented, and evaluated by an accredited provider and one or more non-accredited entities.

  • Knowledge

    In the context of educational needs for a CME activity in the ACCME System, the extent to which learners have a need for new information.

  • Laboratory Work

    Includes preparing the apparatus, equipment, and reagents necessary for an experiment, diagraming, and planning the experiment, carrying out the experiment itself, and writing a laboratory report.

  • Lecture/Presentation

    Provide a large amount of information (knowledge) in a limited amount of time. Allows faculty to talk about a chosen topic.

  • Live Activity

    Activity that occurs at a specific time as scheduled by the accredited CME provider. Participation may be in person or remotely as is the case of teleconferences or live internet webinars.

  • Main Contact

    The Main Contact is the individual responsible for application submission and completion of all activity file requirements. A completed disclosure form is required in order to finalize the application submission.

  • Manuscript Review (MR)

    Manuscript review CME is based on a learner’s participation in the pre-publication review process of a manuscript.

  • Online Learning

    Education that takes place over the internet. For example: pre-recorded webinars, lectures, online courses, etc.

  • Onsite Clinical Content Review and Validation Form (CCRV)

    Completed by the Onsite Representative to serve as ACEP’s official representative as a moderator during live presentations whereby the faculty member’s disclosure form reflects a real or perceived conflict of interest to ensure that they are delivered according to guidelines set forth in the form.

  • Onsite Representative

    An Onsite Representative is an individual assigned to moderate lectures at Live Activities whereby the faculty member’s disclosure form reflects a real or perceived conflict of interest. Onsite Representatives are required to submit an Onsite Clinical Content Validation and Review Form (CCRV) related to content delivery at live activities. There may be multiple Onsite Representatives dependent upon the size and scope of an activity. Completed disclosure forms are required in order to finalize the application submission. A completed disclosure form is required in order to finalize the application submission. The Main Contact (applicant) will assign this role for Live Activities.

    Note: This role will also be used by ACEP CME Staff for the assignment of roles related to final content review for Enduring Material application submissions by an ACEP National Education Representative (NER).

  • Open Question

    Question and answer session directly related to the qualified educational content provided.

  • Outcomes

    The ability of the learner to apply (1) knowledge, (2) adopt new strategies to apply knowledge to practice, (3) real or anecdotal impact on patient outcomes.

  • Panel Discussion

    Provide an opportunity for experts or a group of learners to present differing viewpoints on a topic, issue, or problem to other panelists and the audience (learners).

  • Patient Simulation

    Provides a standardized method for a group of physicians to compare their individual skills of diagnosis, treatment, and management of a patient with their peers.

  • Performance Improvement (PI)

    Performance improvement activities are based on a learner’s participation in a project established and/or guided by a provider in which a physician identifies an educational need through a measure of his/her performance in practice, engages in educational experiences to meet the need, integrates learning into patient care and then re-evaluates his/her performance.

  • Performance

    Skills, ability and strategies that one has implemented in practice. The extent to which learners do what the CME activity intended them to be able to do (or stop doing) in their practice.

  • Planning Clinical Content Validation and Review Form (CCRV)

    Completed by the Education Planning Representative to ensure that the initial activity planning and development is conducted according to guidelines set forth in the form.

  • Planning Committee Member

    A Planning Committee Member is any individual (course director, planner, reviewer, staff/manager, etc.) that is in control of content planning and not designated as fulfilling an Education Planning Representative, Pre-Activity Representative, or Onsite Representative role. Completed disclosure forms are required in order to finalize the application submission. The Main Contact (applicant) will assign this role.

  • Pre-Activity Clinical Content Validation and Review Form (CCRV)

    Completed by the Pre-Activity Representative to conduct a review of final CME content (slides, handouts, etc.) to ensure that it meets the guidelines set forth in the form.

  • Pre-Activity Representative

    The Pre-Activity Representative cannot be the same individual designated to fulfill the Education Planning Representative and must be an ACEP member in good standing or a qualified staff member that serves as ACEP’s official representative during the final review process. The Main Contact (applicant) will assign this role. This person is required to submit a Pre-Activity Clinical Content Validation and Review Form (CCRV) related to final activity content. A completed disclosure form is required in order to finalize the application submission. The Main Contact (applicant) will assign this role.

  • Preview Button

    The “Preview” button allows you to view/print information you have submitted for an activity and also includes links that will allow you to view disclosure forms for individuals that you have assigned to a role such Main Contact, Planner, Onsite Representative, etc.

  • Problem Solving

    Provides the opportunity for learners to solve a problem through the collection, application, and assessment of information. An effective teaching method to encourage learners to inquire into, and think critically about, a topic.

  • Registration Contact

    The Registration Contact is the individual that should be contacted for questions related to activity registration and participation.

  • Regular Scheduled Series (RSS)

    A course planned as a series with multiple, ongoing sessions that occur on an ongoing basis (offered weekly, monthly, or quarterly) and is primarily planned by and presented to the accredited organization’s professional staff. Examples: Grand Rounds, Tumor Boards, and Morbidity & Mortality Conferences. Also referred to as occurrences of a course.

  • Relevant Financial Relationships

    The ACCME requires anyone in control of CME content to disclose relevant financial relationships to the accredited provider. Individuals must also include in their disclosure the relevant financial relationships of a spouse or partner. The ACCME defines relevant financial relationships as financial relationships in any amount that create a conflict of interest and that occurred in the twelve-month period preceding the time that the individual was asked to assume a role controlling content of the CME activity. The ACCME has not set a minimal dollar amount—any amount, regardless of how small, creates the incentive to maintain or increase the value of the relationship. Financial relationships are those relationships in which the individual benefits by receiving a salary, royalty, intellectual property rights, consulting fee, honoraria for promotional speakers’ bureau, ownership interest (e.g., stocks, stock options or other ownership interest, excluding diversified mutual funds), or other financial benefit. Financial benefits are usually associated with roles such as employment, management position, independent contractor (including contracted research), consulting, speaking and teaching, membership on advisory committees or review panels, board membership, and other activities from which remuneration is received, or expected. See also “conflict of interest.”

  • Resolving Conflicts of Interest (RCOI) Form

    Must be completed for all individuals in control of content whose disclosure form reflects a real or perceived conflict of interest to ensure compliance with ACEP’s “Resolving Conflicts of Interest in CME Activities” policy; this includes ensuring that the individual receives a copy of, understands, and acknowledges the ACCME Standards for Commercial Support as they relate to the development and presentation of evidence-based CME content and educational materials that are free of commercial bias.

  • Speakers

    A speaker is any individual delivering content to include faculty and authors that have not been previously designated as fulfilling an Education Planning Representative, Planning Committee Member, Pre-Activity Representative or Onsite Representative role. Completed disclosure forms are not required at the time of application submission. The Main Contact (applicant) will assign this role.

    Note: Please enter information for all individuals identified to date in order to trigger the system auto-generated notifications related to online submission of the required disclosure information. If additional individuals are identified post-submission, please contact ACEP CME Staff at cmecoordinator@acep.org with a request to have them added to the activity file.



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